Genocide and Human Rights
Databases: Please click on the blue text below to access online sources.
Genocide Main Topic Page:
Opposing Viewpoints in Context ~ Genocide: This website contains an in-depth topic overview of Genocide, 54 pro/con viewpoints, 20 reference, 226 Magazine, over 5,200 Newspaper, and 97 scholarly journal articles. In addition, the topic page "Genocide" contains 125 audio clips, 19 videos, and 4 primary sources.
Foreign Affairs ~ Gale Popular Magazines: International relations; Government and political science
Description: "A scholarly bimonthly journal published by the Council on Foreign Relations that covers international affairs and foreign policy and provides an international forum for new ideas, analysis, and debate on significant world issues. Audience includes government officials, academics, business leaders, and non-governmental groups such as human rights organizations."
The Humanist ~ Gale Popular Magazines: Ethics and morality; Social issues; Social sciences; Philosophy; Religion
Description: "A scholarly journal publishing social and ethical content aimed at educating the public from a secular viewpoint. Articles usually focus on social issues, such as the environment, civil liberties, human rights, and international relations. Philosophical, religious, scientific, and other contemporary concerns are also examined."
Military History ~ Gale Popular Magazines: "Magazine featuring articles on the history of warfare from ancient times into the 20th century. Readers range from serious students of strategy, tactics, leaders and campaigns to general world history enthusiasts."
The New York Times ~ Infotrac Newsstand (January 1, 1985 - Current): "Provides national and international news, opinion and commentary; published in a national and a New York metropolitan edition. Includes local, and state news, science, sports, arts and entertainment, and business and finance news."
War and Terrorism Collection: This database "provides access to academic journals and magazines of interest to... students of military science, history, and social science. The database offers balanced coverage of both historic and contemporary topics in the fields of war and terrorism."
General OneFile ~ The Armenian Genocide and Foreign Policy: This article provides background information on the Armenian Genocide and discusses foreign policy, at that particular point in time.
General OneFile ~ The genocide against the Armenians 1915-1923 and the relevance of the 1948 Genocide Convention: According to Alfred de Zayas of the Armenian Review "At least 1 million, and possibly well over half of the Armenian population, are reliably estimated by independent authorities and eye-witnesses to have been killed or death-marched." Please read this article for more information in regard to the Armenian Genocide."
Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity ~ Armenians in Ottoman Turkey and the Armenian Genocide Provides, both background and detailed information, about the Armenian Genocide.
The Great Famine (Holodomor):
The Great Famine (Holodomor) ~ Joseph Stalin (Academic OneFile) "Defying death: women's experience of the Holodomor, 1932-1933": "This article is based on an analysis of personal narratives of female survivors of the Holodomor, collected and published in Ukraine since the 1990s until now. It focuses on the peculiarities of women's experience of the Holodomor and explores women's strategies of resistance and survival in the harsh circumstances of genocide."
War and Terrorism Collection: This article provides detailed background information in regard to ISIS.
War and Terrorism Collection: This database provides more detailed background information in
regard to ISIS.
ISIS Articles ~ Time Magazine (Print available) ~ Please see the librarian for the following articles:
1. The Fight Against ISIS
2. The Terror of ISIS, Month by Month
3. Not their problem? ISIS's neighbors have other priorities
4. Forum: What's Next?
5. Ian Bremmer on how Middle East terrorism threatens the entire European project.
Ku Klux Klan:
Opposing Viewpoints in Context ~ Ku Klux Klan: This comprehensive article, by Rory McVeigh, examines "the causes of what was the most popular, and arguably one of the most successful, conservative movements in U.S. history - the Ku Klux Klan movement of the early 1920s (see McVeigh 1996b). Between 1920 and 1925 somewhere between three to six million Americans joined the Klan. Unlike the movement's Reconstruction-era predecessor, the later Klan's influence extended far beyond the boundaries of the American South. In fact, some of its greatest successes occurred in Indiana, Kansas, Oklahoma, Colorado, and Oregon."
General OneFile ~ Countering textbook distortion: war atrocities in Asia, 1937-1945: This article provides detailed information about the Nanking Massacre.
Sino-Japanese War, Second ~ The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia: This article provides background information about the second Sion-Japanese War, and the relationship between this War, and the NanKing Massacre (currently called "NanJing" Massacre).
Academic OneFile ~ War as the key to unlocking mass murder: the Rwandan genocide revisited: This article provides an in-depth discussion into the relationship between, revolution, war, and genocide.
Opposing Viewpoints in Context ~ Rwandan Genocide: The following excerpt from the book titled "Priests, Doctors, and Teachers Turn Genocidal" by Mahmood Mamdani describes how, "In a manner analogous to the Nazi genocide of World War II, the well-organized leaders were able to create an atmosphere of fear and hatred that had the result of mobilizing the common people, as well as members of the educated elite—doctors, priests, teachers, human rights activists—to enthusiastically, willingly, or even reluctantly, commit atrocities against friends, colleagues, and neighbors, as well as strangers."
Opposing Viewpoints in Context ~ The tragedy of Tibet:"AbstractTibet has remained one of the last countries to be subject to colonization. The country has been under Chinese military occupation since it signed the '17 Point Agreement' in 1950. The Chinese occupation of Tibet has caused the death of millions of Tibetans and the destruction of the country's ancient culture. Meanwhile, the former socialist government of Tibet has remained exiled in India. It has slowly tranformed itself into a democratic government after witnessing the cruelties of Chinese communism. The exiled Tibetan government hopes that communism in China will soon fall, so that it can return to Tibet."
View this link to learn how to cite Primary Sources.
Websites: Please click on the blue text below to access online sources.
General Information on Genocide/Human Rights & Countries of the World:
CIA ~ The World Factbook: This website provides specific facts on the countries of the world, to include, "the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues."
Library of Congress ~ Genocide, Crimes Against Humanity, and War Crimes Jurisdiction: This authoritative website contains detailed information about war crimes, as listed by country.
Library of Congress ~ Locations for "genocide": This is a comprehensive collection of books, manuscripts and mixed materials, photos, prints, drawings, and web pages on genocide, listed by country.
Texas Holocaust and Genocide Commission: According to the website, "The Texas Holocaust and Genocide Commission (THGC) is assisting Texas secondary school educators in teaching students about the Holocaust and genocide through a creative series of posters designed to engage students in greater dialogue about these events. The project provides Texas teachers with tools to both meet the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) mandate, and encourage students to be role models in their day-to-day lives."
Key International Human Rights Documents ~ Human Rights.Gov: This webpage lists the status of International Human Rights Treaties.
International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect (R2P): According to the website, "The RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT ("RtoP" or "R2P") is a new international security and human rights norm to address the international community’s failure to prevent and stop genocides, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity."
PBS ~ Frontline ~ What Turned Bosnia into a Killing Field? This website gives a comprehensive overview of the history, and causes, of the fall of former Yugoslavia.
Cambodian Genocide Program (Yale University): "Since 1994, the award-winning Cambodian Genocide Program, a project of the Genocide Studies Program at Yale University'sMacMillan Center for International and Area Studies, has been studying these events to learn as much as possible about the tragedy, and to help determine who was responsible for the crimes of the Pol Pot regime.
PBS ~ The Rise of ISIS: This video provides background knowledge, in regard to the rise of ISIS.
PBS ~ McCarthyism ~ "1954: McCarthy hunts 'army Communists" This webpage provides background information on "McCartyism."
Yale University ~ The Nanking Massacre Project: This website is a "A Digital Archive of Documents & Photographs from American Missionaries Who Witnessed the Rape of Nanking," and contains many primary sources, such as letters, and photographs.
World Bank: The Demographic and Socio-Economic Distribution of Excess Mortality during the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda by Damien de Walque and Philip Verwimp. "This paper studies the demographic consequences of the Rwandan genocide and how the excess mortality due to the conflict was distributed in the population...Using the characteristics of the survey respondent as a proxy for the socio-economic status of the family dead, the results also show that individuals with an urban or more educated background were more likely to die. Over and above the human tragedies, a long-term cost of the genocide is the country’s loss of productive skills."
Bibliography: Books (Print)/E-Book/DVD
Encyclopedia of genocide and crimes against humanity. Detroit, Mich. : Macmillan Reference USA, c2005.
Summary: This encyclopedia (eBook) spans the globe to explain the issues behind crimes against humanity and human rights issues as they relate to individual ountries and the world at large. It traces the history of events that qualify as genocide and crimes against humanity, profiles perpetrators and heroes, and explains international laws and law proceedings aimed at ending genocide and crimes against humanity.
Ghosts of Rwanda. [Alexandria, VA] : Distributed by PBS Home Video, c2004.
Summary: Chronicles the Rwandan genocide of 1993, one of the worst atrocities of the 20th century. Includes interviews with key government officials, diplomats, and eyewitness accounts.
Altman, Linda Jacobs. The forgotten victims of the Holocaust. Berkeley Heights, NJ : Enslow, c2003.
Summary: Explains Hitler's concept of the "master race" and how it led to a policy of mass murder of Poles, Russians and other Soviet citizens, Gypsies, gay men, and members of other groups.
Cheadle, Don. Not on our watch : the mission to end genocide in Darfur and beyond. New York : Hyperion, c2007.
Summary: Actor Don Cheadle and activist John Prendergast share stories of their visits to Darfur and other war zones in Africa and examine the genocide that has been occurring in the region as well as efforts to stop the atrocities. Offers six strategies for readers to help bring about change.
Churchill, Ward. Kill the Indian, save the man : the genocidal impact of American Indian residential schools. San Francisco : City Lights, c2004.
Summary: Chronicles the Native American's forced assimilation into white man's culture between 1880 and 1980 and provides a comprehensive study of the overall effects upon the lives of those children who were taken from their families.
Dallaire, Roméo. Shake hands with the devil : the failure of humanity in Rwanda. New York [Berkeley, Calif.] : Carroll & Graf Publishers Distributed by Publishers Group West, 2005, c2003.
Summary: The author provides an eyewitness account of the murder of over eight hundred thousand Rwandans while serving as a UN Force Commander during 1993 and 1994, and tells how he and his small peacekeeping force found themselves in alone in the middle of civil war and little or no resources to stop the killing.
Hatzfeld, Jean. Life laid bare : the survivors in Rwanda speak. New York : Other Press, c2006.
Summary: The author brings together the personal accounts of several survivors of the genocide that occurred in Rwanda during the late 1990s, as they describe the deaths of their family and friends and their lives today.
Jansen, Hanna. Over a thousand hills I walk with you.** Minneapolis : Carolrhoda, 2006.
Summary: Jeanne, the only member of her family not murdered in the Rwandan genocide, struggles to start a new life without her family while coping with the violent memories that haunt her.
Keat, Nawuth. Alive in the killing fields : surviving the Khmer Rouge genocide. Washington, D.C. : National Geographic, c2009.
Summary: Nawuth Keat, a survivor of the Khmer Rouge invasion of Cambodia, describes his experiences, discussing the killings of his family members, his enslavement, the relationships that were formed between people from his community, and more.
Lifton, Robert Jay. The Nazi doctors : medical killing and the psychology of genocide. New York : Basic Books, c1986.
Summary: An analysis of the psychological forces behind the transformation of Nazi doctors into mass murderers in Auschwitz and other "death camps."
McCormick, Patricia. Never fall down : a novel.** New York : Balzer + Bray, c2012.
Summary: When soldiers arrive in his hometown in Cambodia, Arn Chorn Pond is separated from his family and sent to a labor camp, where he works in the rice paddies until he volunteers to learn to play an instrument--a decision that both saves his life and lands him in battle.
Stassen, Jean-Philippe. Deogratias : a tale of Rwanda . New York : First Second, 2006.
Summary: A graphic novel that describes the Tutsi genocide in Rwanda in 1994 through the eyes of a boy named Deogratias, a Hutu, who is in love with Benigne, a Tutsi.
White, Matthew. The great big book of horrible things : the definitive chronicle of history's 100 worst atrocities. New York : W.W. Norton, c2012.
Summary: Discusses the history of the world using historical and statistical records to focus on conflicts, atrocities, and genocide of human history and listing the one hundred worst atrocities.